What do you mean by Allergy?Dr. Seemab Shaikh
What is an Allergy?
One of the many tasks of the immune system is to guard our body against contagious agents and exogenous toxins. For that, it must be able to differentiate between harmless and harmful exposure. Allergy is defined as an unwanted immune response towards exogenous elements that have breached the defensive boundaries of the body like skin, mucous membranes.
The unusual immune response can lead to a mixture of chemical responses that are harmful to the affected individual. The allergic response is often directed against an antigen that can be evaded. The latest study indicates that 25-30% of the population in industrial countries has an allergy problem. These allergy issues are treated by an Allergy Specialist.
Common Human allergies are:
• Allergic rhinitis 10-15%
• Allergic urticaria 10%
• Allergic asthma 5-10%
• Food allergy is found in 2% of the population.
How do we diagnose Allergies?
Allergy testing: Suggestion to perform this test is if previous medical treatment has failed. Skin testing is more comprehensive than blood testing.
What are the common types of allergic infirmities?
The body parts that are prone to allergy involve the eyes, nose, throat, skin. Although these allergic diseases may look different, they all result from an excessive immune response to external substances in sensitive individuals.