What are the causes and risk factors of Vertigo?

Vertigo occurs due to an underlying medical problem. Many conditions are related to vertigo. In general, vertigo is a cause of problems in the nervous system or brain, called central vertigo. Problems that arise in the inner ear are called peripheral vertigo. Finding the exact cause will enable you to get the right kind of treatment.

Causes of Vertigo:

  • Labyrinthitis:

When any infection leads to inflammation of the inner ear or labyrinth it can cause labyrinthitis. This area has a vestibulocochlear nerve. Its main function is to send signals to your brain regarding sound, position, and motion. People suffering from labyrinthitis can experience vision changes, ear pain, headaches, tinnitus, and hearing loss.

  • Cholesteatoma:

This is a skin growth that is non-cancerous. It can develop in your middle ear because of consistent infection. As it happens behind your eardrum, it can affect the bony structure of your eardrum. This can result in dizziness and hearing loss.

  • Benign Positional Paroxysmal Vertigo:

The inner ear has calcium carbonate crystals. Due to the dislodging of these crystals in BPPV, they can fall deep into semicircular canals. Here, every fallen crystal will touch the sensory hair cells. As a result, your brain may get inaccurate information because of which a vertigo episode may occur.

Risk factors of vertigo:

People who get head injuries can be at a higher risk of getting vertigo. Ear infections can also affect the vestibular nerve. This can result in labyrinthitis. It can also occur due to side effects from various medicines like aspirin, antidepressants, as well as blood pressure medicines.

Drinking alcohol can also be a risk factor for vertigo. Even people with vertigo can get strokes due to poor regulation of their diabetes, high blood pressure, and smoking. Two to three percent of women are at risk of having BPPV.


If you require more information regarding the treatment of vertigo, contact Dr. Seemab Shaikh in Pune.